Mubende District is in the central region of Uganda. Mubende is surrounded by Mpigi, Mityana in the East, Kiboga in the North, Sembabule, Masaka in the South, Kabalore, Kibaale in the West. The district headquarters is 157 Kms west of Kampala. The total area of Mubende District is 4645 sq. Km. Mubende has 15 Lower Local governments that include a town Council – Mubende Town Council. Kitumbi is presently forged out of Bukuya, Kalwana, out of Kassanda and Nabingoola and Kigando out of Kasambya.
The total Population of Mubende District by 2002 Population and Housing Census was 436,493 with 219,460 males and 217,033 Female. Compared to the 1991 population census results (500,976), the population in the district has grown by 2.8 % over a period of 10 years. Today, the population Growth rate is calculated at 3.6%. Also going by 1991 census, the total fertility rate was 7.5 which is higher than the national figure of 6.9 and the total average Household size is 4.4. By 2003 the Population density was at 120 people per sq. km compared to 94 persons per sq. km in 1991. Settlers attributed to this increase especially in migrations from densely populated districts
Interest population groups in Mubende district
Population group Age bracket % age Population
Children under 1 yr < 1 yr
Children under 5yrs <5 yrs 19.7 85,989
School going Children (5-14yrs) 29.2 127,456
Adolescents (10-24yrs) 26.8 116,980
Children population (0-18yrs) 57.1 249,033
Youthful population (18-30yrs) 18.9 82,497
Economically active (15-64yrs) 47.0 205,152
Voting population 18 + yrs 44.9 195,985
Reproductive population (15-49yrs) 20.0 87,298
Elderly population 65+yrs 4.0 17,460
Base population 436,493
Source: 2002 Housing and Population Census
The age structure of Mubende Population is typical of a rural area in a developing county; about 60% of the population is below the age of 20 years. The population pyramid shows the detailed age structure and distribution by sex
Mubende has 4 prisons with a total capacity of 250 inmates. However, annual totals run in 1000+ given the short-term sentences most inmates receive. Male: female ratio of inmates is 30:1.
The relief of the district is in the range of 1066-1548m above sea level, with varied landscape features. There are atleast 5 geomorphologic features found in the district. They are as follows: Remnants of Lowland surface: covers the greatest portion of the district.
Zones of tors and inselbergs: are found to lie in the eastern part Nabingoola and Semuto, and stretching northwards to the area between Kokwa and Kasozi.
Remnants of Upland surface: evident at the northern border east of Kasozi, Butoloogo and Bukuya sub-counties.
Areas of infill: are associated with the rivers such as Nabakazi, Kisojo, Kattabalanga,in Kasambya, Kitenga and Kiganda sub-counties; and also around Lake Wamala and North-east of Kasambya.
Deposits and platforms of extended Lake Victoria: found at the fringes of lake Wamala, in Myanzi and Kiganda sub-counties.
Mubende predominantly experiences conventional rainfall. With atypical afternoon and evening occurrence. The climate shows small variation of temperature, humidity and winds. The district experiences rain throughout the year, with heavy rains in March-April and September-November. The two peaks of rainfall are associated with the equatorial trough. The annual average rainfall is 1000-1250mm. Sometime back, the high altitude ensured favourable climate with medium annual temperatures ranging from 17.2 degrees to 29 degrees centigrade. Not anymore.
Area and Forests
Mubende district total area is 4645 sq Km (1793.4 sq Mile or 464,611.4 Hectares). Of that, 14 Central Forest Reserves of 29,019 hectares (6.25%) are gazetted. The Mubende Local Reserve (85 hectares 0.0183%) by the District Forest Services. The District Forest Services has 8 Hectares of Pine on Booma hill.
Unfortunately, over 70% of natural forests are on private land (NFA data). Forested area outside protected areas in Mubende is estimated at 123,127 hectares which is 26.5% (Environment Alert report - 2006).
Facts at a Glance from Population and Housing Census Analytical Report- 2005
• Projected at 503,800 in 2007 and 603,900 in 2012.
• Only 3.8% of the population was living in urban areas in 2002.
• The literacy rate was 71.4% for the population aged 10 years and above.
• 66.4% was literacy rate for women and 76.4% was that for men
• 38% had no access to toilet facilities
• Only 0.2% of the households had access to electricity.
• 78.2% of the households depend mainly on subsistence farming.
• Only 11% of the dwelling units were constructed with permanent roof, wall and floor materials.
• 45.9% of the households used “word of mouth” as their main source of information.
• 2 broad categories of wetlands locustrine types around Lake Wamala in east and riverine. Mubende has 7 major drainage systems : Lake Wamala, Nabakazi, Katonga, Mayanja, Kato, Nkusi, Kuzizi and Kitumbi.
• % distribution by religion 45.5 Catholic, 31.0% Protestant, 9.6% Moslem, 6.8% Pentecostal, 3.8% SDA. 3.0 Other religions and 0.4% None.
• There were 94,755 households.
• 42% of the rural population was more than 5km from a health centre and only 4% of the urban population.
• 89.7% used firewood as source of cooking materials. 8.6% used Charcoal.
• 87.9% use tadooba (paraffin- wick) for lighting. 5.4 Use Paraffin for lighting and 3.4% electricity.
• 77% dwelling units permanent. 12% semi permanent and 11 Permanent.
• 9.4% had source of drinking water more than 5km away.
• In 2002, 31,790 out of 244,155 children had lost atleast one parent (orphans). Orphan hood level 13% as opposed to 6% in the 1991 census. 4.5% had lost father, 3.1% had lost mum and 2.4% both.
• 67 children didn’t know whether their parents were dead or alive ie 0.03% of all children.
• In Mubende 13% of all children were disabled.
• 3.5% of total Mubende population was disabled. National figure is at 3.1%